Brain tumors are any type of abnormal growth of cells in the brain, which may or may not be cancerous, but can grow and put pressure on parts of the brain, causing personality, hearing, and hormonal changes, as well as seizures, balance difficulties, and headaches.
CT and MRI scans, as well as biopsies, will help your doctor diagnose such a tumor and determine how to treat it. Treatment usually includes surgery.
MedStar Montgomery Medical Center's neurosurgeons perform the most advanced, patient-friendly, and microsurgical techniques, offering new hope to patients' inoperable brain tumors or brain tumors previously thought to be untreatable. We also offer CyberKnife® treatment, a noninvasive stereotactic radiosurgery option, for acoustic neuromas and skull base tumors.
A glioma is a type of brain tumor that arises from glial cells, brain cells that act like “glue” within the central nervous system by holding neurons into place and protecting them. Gliomas are known for their invasive nature; they tend to grow and spread into normal brain tissue. This often complicates treatment options. Nearly 80 percent of all cancerous brain tumors are gliomas, although not all gliomas are cancerous.
- Memory Loss
- Physical weakness or loss of muscle control
Our specialists work together to determine the best approach to your care, taking into account your tumor’s location, cell type, grade of malignancy (the rate at which your tumor grows and spreads) and your personal health and circumstances.
Metastatic brain cancer is cancer that has spread to the brain from the part of the body where it first started. Metastatic tumors are often hard to treat because the cells that start the new tumors may no longer match the original tumor cells. Cancers that commonly spread to the brain are lung, breast, skin, colon and kidney cancers.
Metastatic brain tumors are often challenging to treat. That’s why we offer comprehensive, advanced treatments that can help you survive longer and improve the quality of your life.
Skull Base Tumors
Various types of tumors can develop in the areas at the base of the skull. Types of skull base tumors include:
- Meningiomas: Very common tumors that begin to develop in the brain. They affect the meninges, which are the layers of tissue surrounding the brain. As meningiomas grow, they can push up against the brain or spinal cord.
- Paragangliomas: These slow-growing tumors form out of blood vessels and grow in small spaces such as the ear. They can affect hearing and invade other parts of the ear or the facial nerve, causing facial paralysis or vertigo.
- Schwannomas, such as acoustic neuromas: These are slow-growing tumors that develop from the nerves that control balance and hearing in the inner ear. These tumors can grow, press against key nerves, and cause losses of hearing and balance.
While some skull base tumors are small enough to be removed surgically, those that grow bigger can be challenging to treat. They can be very close to other important areas and have unusual sizes and shapes. MedStar Montgomery Medical Center offers CyberKnife, one of the most advanced methods of using radiation, to treat these types of tumors.