Minimally invasive abdominal and colon and rectal procedures are new techniques that use small incisions. They result in decreased bleeding, reduced hospital stays and shortened recovery time for patients. Not all patients are candidates for minimally invasive surgery and may require open surgery.
- Laparoscopic Colectomy: During this procedure, your surgeon will make small incisions and insert small ports through which a light, camera and instruments on long shafts can be introduced. With these instruments, the colon segment is resected. One incision is slightly larger, to permit extraction of the colon from the abdomen. Then the open ends of the colon are put together, called an anastomosis. The use of smaller incisions reduces post-operative pain and recovery time. This is a change from the traditional version of this surgery, which uses one large incision.
- Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery: During this procedure, a long operating scope with a microscope is introduced through the anus. Long instruments are used to excise the rectal tumor and close the defect. Generally, this is painless and is performed as an outpatient procedure or an overnight observation.
- Laparoscopic Repair of Rectal Prolapse: This procedure is used to treat rectal prolapse. The rectum is freed, pulled up into the pelvis, and fixed to the sacral bone. Using a minimally-invasive technique, patients find recovery times are faster and post-operative pain is reduced.