Urology and Nephrology Conditions

The urinary systems­—one of your body’s most important waste removal and regulatory systems—consists of two kidneys that clean your body’s fluids, as well as the bladder and urethra, which store and eliminate waste.

MedStar Montgomery Medical Center urologists are specialists who diagnose and treat urological conditions, such as urinary tract infections, bladder prolapse, and erectile dysfunction; our nephrologists care for conditions specifically affecting the kidneys, such as kidney disease and kidney stones.

Together, our urologists and nephrologists bring the knowledge, experience, and technological resources provide out patients the expert care they deserve.


When you are evaluated for kidney or urologic issues at MedStar Montgomery, you can expect our specialists to use any of the following to accurately diagnose your condition and provide the most effective treatment:

  • A bladder scan is a non-invasive ultrasound that uses a small probe placed on your abdomen. It allows a physician to determine how much urine is retained after bladder evacuation.
  • During a cytoscopy procedure, a cytoscope (specialized tube with a camera at the end) is inserted into the body through the urethra in order to view the inside of the bladder and urethra. This procedure is used to determine if there is a urologic condition present.
  • A retrograde pyelogram is a diagnostic procedure during which a contrast dye is injected into the body so the doctor can better see the bladder, ureter and renal pelvis during an X-ray and determine if there is any blockage. This procedure is generally done during a cystoscopy.
  • A retrograde urethrogram is a diagnostic procedure where a special solution is injected into the urethra through the opening at the top of the penis before an X-ray is done. After injecting the solution, the doctor can see if there is any leakage or blockage to the urethra.
  • Urodynamic testing is a procedure that looks at how well the bladder, sphincter and urethra are storing and releasing urine. If you are experiencing the following symptoms, you may need urodynamic testing:
    • Urine leakage
    • Frequent urination
    • Painful urination
    • Sudden, strong urges to urinate
    • Problems starting a urine stream
    • Problems emptying the bladder completely
    • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • In keeping a voiding diary, a patient writes down their symptoms at home for two to three days, including how frequently they urinate and whether they experience any difficulty doing so.


The urologists at MedStar Montgomery have the experience and expertise to manage a wide range of conditions, both routine and complex. Learn more: